Plant Now

This planting guide was put together by me based upon my personal experiences with gardening in Canberra.  Other books and publications, as well as seed packets, will state different planting times and lengths.  A cool climate is unique in that is has hot summers but frosty and sometimes subzero winters.  Whereas many gardening books are based on planting in a temperate climate which often experience no frost.  To counter the cooler winters, some crops need to be planted earlier in order for them to reach maturity and be ready for harvest in autumn or winter.

It is also important to remember that every backyard develops it's own microclimate based on it's orientation and exposure to different elements and may be warmer or cooler.  There is no "one size fits all" when it comes to gardening, just what is "likely to grow now, and unlikely to grow now".

You will need to experiment in your own garden with what will work, but I hope this points you in the right direction.

January

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Florence Fennel, Onions, Parsley, Parsnip, Radishes, Turnips, Swedes

Fruits

Strawberries and other berries

Legumes

Beans

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Basil, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, Kale, Kohl rabi, Leeks, Lettuce, Spring onions, Watercress

 

Note: These plants have been divided according to crop rotation principles.  However, there are varying opinions on how crops should be rotated.  Please see our webpage about crop rotation for further information. 

 

February

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Florence Fennel, Parsley, Parsnip, Radishes, Turnips, Swedes

Fruits

Strawberries and other berries

Legumes

Beans, snow peas,

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Basil, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Chicory, Chinese cabbage, Endive, Garlic, Kale, Kohl rabi, Leeks, Lettuce, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions,  Watercress

 

March

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley, Radishes, Turnips

Fruits

 

Legumes

Peas, snow peas

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Chicory, Endive, Garlic, Kale, Lettuce, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions

 

April

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley, Radishes, Turnips

Fruits

 

Legumes

Peas, snow peas (with frost protection), broadbeans

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale, Lettuce, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions, Turnips

 

May

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley

Fruits

 

Legumes

Peas, broadbeans

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale, Lettuce, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions

 

Please note, depending on soil and ambient air temperatures this month, it may not be warm enough for seeds to sprout and grow.  Frost netting which covers the ground can assist in keeping warmth in.  Those that do sprout may remain small until the soil and ambient air temperature increases in September. 

June

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley

Fruits

Bare root cane berries (raspberries, boysenberries, blackberries, youngberries, loganberries), bare root fruit trees

Legumes

Peas, broadbeans

Leaves

Annual herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale, Lettuce, Rhubarb, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions

 

Although these seeds can be planted now, you are unlikely to see any growth.  It is recommended you wait until September.

July

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley

Fruits

Bare root cane berries (raspberries, boysenberries, blackberries, youngberries, loganberries), bare root fruit trees

Legumes

Peas, broadbeans

Leaves

Annual herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale, Lettuce, Rhubarb, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions

 

Although these seeds can be planted now, you are unlikely to see any growth.  It is recommended you wait until September.

August

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley

Fruits

Bare root cane berries (raspberries, boysenberries, blackberries, youngberries, loganberries), bare root fruit trees

Legumes

Peas, snow peas (with frost protection)

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale, Lettuce, Onions, Rhubarb, Silverbeet, Spinach, Spring onions

Miscellaneous

Asparagus

Although these seeds can be planted now, you are unlikely to see any growth.  It is recommended you wait until September.

September

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Parsley, Parsnips, Radishes, Swedes, Turnips

Fruits

Strawberries and other berries

Legumes

Snow peas, Peas

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Brussel Sprouts, Celery, Chinese cabbage, Jerusalem artichokes, Kohl rabi, Globe artichokes, Leeks, Lettuce, watercress, Rhubarb, Spring onions

Miscellaneous

Asparagus

 

October                                                                                                

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Celeriac, Onions, Parsley, Parsnip, Potatoes, Radishes, Swedes, Turnips

Fruits

Corn, Strawberries and other berries

Legumes

Snow peas, Peas

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Basil, Brussel Sprouts, Celery, Chinese cabbage, Globe artichokes,  Kohl rabi, Lettuce, Spring onions, Watercress

 

November

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Celeriac, Dill, Parsley, Onions, Parsnip, Potatoes, Radishes, Swedes, Turnips

Fruits

Capsicums, Chilies, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Melons including rockmelon and watermelon, Okra, Pumpkins, Strawberries and other berries, Squash, Tomatoes, Zucchini,

Legumes

Beans, Bortolli Beans, Soybean (edamame)

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Basil, Brussel Sprouts, Celery, Chinese cabbage, Kohl rabi, Leeks, Lettuce, Spring onions, Watercress

 

December

Roots

Beetroot, Carrots, Dill, Florence Fennel, Onions, Parsley, Parsnip, Potatoes, Radishes, Swedes, Turnips

Fruits

Capsicums, Chilies, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Okra, Strawberries and other berries, Squash, Tomatoes, Zucchini

Legumes

Beans, Bortolli beans, Soybean (edamame)

Leaves

Perennial herbs (thyme, sage, rosemary, oregano, chives), Basil, Brussel Sprouts, Celery, Chinese cabbage, Kohl rabi, Leeks, Lettuce, Spring onions, Watercress